By Derek L. Phillips

ISBN-10: 1349031607

ISBN-13: 9781349031603

ISBN-10: 1349031623

ISBN-13: 9781349031627

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Thus, the concept of logical form is assumed to belong to ontology as well as to logic. In the Tractatus Wittgenstein argued that the totality of true propositions constitutes the whole of natural science. By specifying the limits of language, philosophy sets limits to the sphere of possible knowledge. Whether a proposition is true or false can be determined only by comparing it with reality. This implies a correspondence theory of knowledge, that is, that elementary propositions be compared with what Wittgenstein called atomic states of affairs.

But we understand the meaning of a word when we hear or say it; we grasp it in a flash, and what we grasp in this way is surely something different from the 'use' which is extended in time! 37 We must be sensitive to the unreflective use of concepts in abstraction from their proper framework. Thus, Wittgenstein cautions us to consider the circumstances or surroundings in which a concept appears: When philosophers use a word-'knowledge', 'being', 'object', '1', 'proposition', 'name' -and try to grasp the essence of the thing, one must always ask oneself: is the word ever actually used in this way in the language-game which is its original home?

47 This multiplicity of language-games is not, of course, something fixed or established forever. 'We remain unconscious of the prodigious diversity of all the everyday language-games,' Wittgenstein notes, 'because the clothing of our language makes everything alike'. 48 Language, to reiterate, is not a tool having one specific use or purpose, it is the name for a collection. , he learns more language games. ) 50 Language-gantes and fornts of life Since the terms 'language-games' and 'forms of life' have been used several times in the above discussion, and since they are important both to Wittgenstein's position and to the following chapters, it is useful to consider them at some length here.

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Wittgenstein and Scientific Knowledge: A Sociological Perspective by Derek L. Phillips


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