By Jonathan C. Brown
The years among 1930 and 1979 witnessed a interval of severe exertions job in Latin the US as staff participated in moves, unionization efforts, and populist and progressive hobbies. the 10 unique essays during this quantity study sugar mill seizures in Cuba, oil nationalization and railway moves in Mexico, the tried revolution in Guatemala, railway nationalization and Peronism in Argentina, Brazil's fabric moves, the Bolivian revolution of 1952, Peru's copper moves, and the copper nationalization in Chile—all vital nationwide occasions within which commercial employees performed severe roles.Demonstrating an illuminating, bottom-up method of Latin American exertions historical past, those essays examine the typical acts during which employees tried to say extra regulate over the paintings strategy and thereby upload dignity to their lives. operating jointly, they have been capable of carry store ground struggles to public awareness and—at yes serious junctures—to impact occasions on a countrywide scale.The individuals are Andrew Boeger, Michael Marconi Braga, Jonathan C. Brown, Josh DeWind, Marc Christian McLeod, Michael Snodgrass, Andrea Spears, Joanna Swanger, Mar?a Celina Tuozzo, and Joel Wolfe.
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Additional info for Workers' control in Latin America, 1930-1979
With the onset of the Great Depression in the 1930s, the living standards of sugar workers declined even further. Mill owners slashed wages and reduced employment, leaving both cane and mill workers in a state of abject misery. At first, sugar workers were prohibited from protesting against their deteriorating position by the strongarm tactics of President Gerardo Machado. But when the Machado government fell in August 1933, sugar workers reacted explosively. They demanded higher wages, shorter workdays, improvements in living conditions, job security, and the recognition of labor unions by employers.
9 In addition to ethnic conflict between Spaniards and Cubans, considerable racial tension existed between white and black workers within the mills. But these considerations tended to be played down as the effects of the Great Depression and industry recession wore on and the need to develop a united front became apparent. 10 By 1933, mill workers realized the power of an uprising of the masses of field workers and the fear it generated in the capitalist class. So mill workers began to associate themselves with that power in order to obtain their demands.
2 Based on the information gleaned from these and other sources, it is possible to conclude that workers rebelled because they were hungry, because they were frustrated at a decade-long decline in their living standards, and because they were angry at management's intransigent neglect of their conditions. The collapse of the Machado administration in August 1933 and the Sergeants Rebellion led by Fulgencio Batista in September of the same year provided workers with a window of opportunity. Cane cutters and railway and factory employees, led by a vanguard of skilled mechanics and technicians, consequently established control over sugar mills across the country.
Workers' control in Latin America, 1930-1979 by Jonathan C. Brown